One of the common values that unites the European Union is that of equal opportunities: all citizens should have the same possibility to improve their lives and participate in the labour market regardless of gender, ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation.

Inspired by May 1st Labour Day or May Day, we decided to dedicate today’s post to all workers of the world by choosing as Term of the weekGender Employment Gap.


On April 26th, MEPs discussed plans to reinforce workers’ rights. As stated in European Parliament’s News portal, the labour market has drastically changed in recent years due in part to the digital economy, leading to more temporary jobs and more people being treated as independent contractors. However, the EU is preparing legislation to reinforce workers’ rights as part of the European pillar of social rights initiative.

However, legislation had to be further developed and within the scope of workers’ rights, it was necessary to introduce the gender perspective into labour policy. On 2011, the framework of the European Pact for Gender Equality (2011-2020) was created to fight against the gender employment gap in the European Union. According to the framework, […] while the European Union possesses a significant body of legislation promoting compliance with the principle of equal treatment of men and women in areas such as employment and access to goods and services, successive annual reports on ‘Equality between Women and Men’ adopted by the European Commission demonstrate that progress is slow and that de facto gender equality has yet to be attained;[…].

According to Eurostatgender employment gap is defined as the difference between the employment rates of men and women aged 20-64, as a percentage of the male employment rateOECD also states that gender gaps are related to a mixture of economic and socio-cultural factors.

Here you can see the entry for gender employment gap in IATE:


Contribute to IATE! Update this term in your language. A terminologist for the respective language will revise your answer and decide whether to validate them. Given the implications of the process, a delay is to be expected.


Spread the term so we can join the workers’ rights dialogue using adequate terminology!

We also suggest that you check some previous IATE Terms of the Week that relate to this topic:

The social future of the European Union is an everlasting subject on the agenda of the EU Bodies and it will continue to be until essential change is observed. On 17 November 2017, during the Social Summit for Fair Jobs and Growth, President Juncker will co-host a Social Summit together with Sweden’s Prime Minister Stefan Löfven, focusing on promoting fair jobs and growth.

Written by Katerina PalamiotiTranslator, Social Media and Content Manager, Communication Trainee and Foodie at the Terminology Coordination Unit of the European Parliament.


  • European Commision, European Pillar of Social Rights. Available at: (Accessed: 04/05/2017)
  • OECD, Better Policies for Better Lives. Available at: (Accessed: 04/05/2017)
  •, Reducing Europe’s Gender Employment Gap. Available at: (Accessed: 04/05/2017)
  • Eurofound, The gender employment gap – challenges and solutions. Available at: (Accessed: 04/05/2017)
  • Eurofound, Reducing europes gender employment gap. Available at: (Accessed: 04/05/2017)

May 5, 2017 11:56 am

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